Learning Goals and Objectives
Click here for the state's Essential Academic Learning Requirements site.
Select a subject area and grade level from the list below:
 Identify upper and lower case letters, their sounds and names
 Recognize names and words in context; read own name, read picture icons to select computer programs
 Join in familiar stories, songs & poems
 Connect books read aloud to experiences
 Put three events in sequence using pictures, use illustrations to tell stories, begin to make meaningful predictions
 Read books with simple patterns using phonics, meaning, and picture cues
 Read independently for short periods of time and point to words as she/he reads
 Retell a story with approximate sequence and identify main characters
 Begin to build sight word vocabulary
 Read simple then more difficult earlyreader books and read independently for 10 to 15 minutes
 Identify basic genres (fiction, nonfiction, poetry)
 Retell the main idea of a story and participate in group discussions
 Use basic punctuation when reading orally, notice own errors and begin correcting own mistakes
 Read words using consonant blends; identify compound words and understand the meaning of contractions
 Read and finish a variety of reading materials including beginning chapter books, read aloud with fluency, selfcorrect for meaning, and read silently for up to 30 minutes
 Use technology to find information; follow written directions
 Participate in small group literature discussions, connect own experiences with facts, characters and situations in stories; and identify chapter title and table of contents
 Build vocabulary by reading, use sentences to determine meaning and point of view
 Read medium level chapter books; read aloud with expression and read independently for up to 40 minutes
 Identify different genres (realistic fiction, historical fiction, nonfiction, etc.)
 Summarize a stories plot, setting and characters and be able to respond to issues of literature as well as facts or story events
 Use technology by using pulldown menus, icons, etc. for a resource to locate and sort information
 Gather information from graphs, charts, tables and maps
 Read from a variety of genres; increase reading aloud skills; read independently
 Use resources to increase vocabulary and gain deeper understanding by "reading between the lines"
 Summarize stories and discuss authorâ€™s use of word choice, simile & metaphors
 Use organization of nonfiction lists to locate information; skim materials to answer questions; use outlines
 Know how to tackle a difficult text and reflect reading experiences in writing and discussion
 Read from a variety of voices and viewpoints
 Use resources to increase vocabulary and gain deeper understanding by using context clues
 Summarize stories and identify the main parts of a book  main idea, sub plots, etc.
 Increase understanding and recall of what is read including facts and importance of the main idea
 Supplement classroom assignments with the Accelerated Reader program to improve fluency and comprehension
 Read longer works in variety of styles including drama, poetry, essays and short stories
 Continue to use resources to increase vocabulary and gain deeper understanding by using context clues
 Supplement classroom assignments with the Accelerated Reader program to improve comprehension & fluency
 Increase understanding and recall of what is read including facts and importance of the main idea
 Apply strategies to comprehend words and ideas
 Understand and apply content/academic vocabulary critical to the meaning of the text, including vocabularies relevant to different contexts, cultures, and communities.
 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies during and after reading: determine importance using theme, main idea, and supporting details in gradelevel informational/expository text and/or literary/narrative text.
 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies for informational and technical materials, complex narratives, and expositions: use prior knowledge
 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies for informational and technical materials, complex narratives, and expositions: synthesize ideas from selections to make predictions and inferences
 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies for informational and technical materials, complex narratives, and expositions: monitor for meaning, create mental images, and generate and answer questions
 Apply comprehension monitoring strategies for informational and technical materials, complex narratives, and expositions: determine importance and summarize the text
 Apply understanding of complex organizational features of printed text and electronic sources
 Analyze story elements
 Apply understanding of text organizational structures
 Analyze informational/expository text and literary/narrative text for similarities and differences and cause and effect relationships
 Evaluate informational materials, including electronic sources, for effectiveness
 Evaluate the use of literary devices to enhance comprehension
 Synthesize information from a variety of sources
 Analyze informational/expository text and literary/narrative text to draw conclusions and develop insights
 Analyze author's purpose and evaluate an author's style of writing to influence different audiences
 Analyze and evaluate text for validity and accuracy
 Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the author's use of persuasive devices in influence an audience
 Analyze text to generalize, express insight, or respond by connecting to other texts or situations
 Analyze and evaluate the presentation and development of ideas and concepts within, among, and beyond multiple texts
 Analyze and evaluate the reasoning and ideas underlying author's beliefs and assumptions within multiple texts
 Analyze webbased and other resource materials (including primary sources and secondary sources) for relevance in answering research questions
 Apply understanding of complex information, including functional documents, to perform a task
 Apply appropriate reading strategies for interpreting technical and nontechnical documents used in jobrelated settings
 Evaluate traditional and contemporary literature written in a variety of genres
 Analyze recurring themes in literature
 Analyze and evaluate the great literary works from a variety of cultures to determine their contribution to the understanding of self, others, and the world
 Evaluate reading progress and apply goal setting strategies and monitor progress toward meeting reading goals
 Evaluate books and authors to share reading experiences with others
 Print letters, pretend to read own writing, see self as a writer
 Copy names and familiar words including own first name
 Use pictures and print to convey meaning
 Write names and favorite words and understand the connection between letters and sounds
 Generate ideas for writing including using patterns and ideas from stories
 Use beginning & ending sounds & vowel sounds to make words by matching letters to sounds & spelling based on letter sounds
 Begin to use spacing between words, experiment with capital letters, punctuation and spelling
 Begin to read own writing
 Write recognizable short sentences related to a main idea
 Begin to revise writing by expanding on an idea, using word choice with author's voice and editing for punctuation
 Write from top to bottom; left to right; use spacing between words
 Spell words appropriate to second grade
 Use phonetic spelling to write independently
 Write in complete sentences and write with a central idea organized in a logical sequence using some descriptive words; use technology to write
 Revise own work by adding description and detail and edit work for punctuation, spelling and grammar; set goals
 Write legibly moving beyond phonetic spelling toward conventional spelling
 Write with clear beginning, middle and end as well as use paragraphs to organize ideas using a variety of sentence forms
 and lengths; begin using dialogue and interesting language
 Read, summarize and analyze own writing and begin to improve writing from critiques
 Use technology to produce written work and revise to enhance detail and description as well as edit for punctuation, spelling and grammar
 Accurately spell common words for 4th graders and correctly use basic punctuation
 Continue to improve basic writing skills including proper punctuation, accurate spelling, contractions and use of the 6 Traits of Writing (voice, word choice, conventions, fluency, ideas and organization)
 Begin use of similes, metaphors and specific word choice to catch readerâ€™s interest and improve understanding
 Study letter writing including greeting, content and closing
 Further develop research skills by using technology and write reports using own words to share facts and conclusions
 Focus on the 6 Traits of Writing with emphasis on voice, word choice, organization and the use of grammar, spelling and punctuation
 Examine and write various types of poetry
 Study Greek mythology
 Further develop research skills by using technology and write reports using own words to share facts and conclusions
 Continue to improve basic writing skills focusing on narrative techniques in poetry and short stories
 Further develop use of 6 Traits of Writing with emphasis on voice, word choice, organization and the use of grammar, spelling and punctuation
 Present oral reports in support of written research and practice listening skills by taking notes from presentations
 Further develop research skills by using technology and library resources
 Begin use of techniques for expressive and creative writing
 Formulate an essential question in the subject area
 Identify key words, develop search strategies; locate appropriate and varied information sources; distinguish sources between primary and secondary
 Identify the time,place,audience,prupose,andform of a source
 Recognize relevant facts and ideas; evaluate bias of sources/authors; classify information as fact/opinion
 Take notes, paraphrase, summarize, enter data
 Create a product that uses content to support findings; present product in appropriate manner to a meaningful audience
 Articulate a particular perspective/value orientation; demonstrate content knowledge; listen critically and build upon the ideas of others
 Participate in delegating duties, establishing rules, planning, making decisions, taking action in group settings
 Identify appropriate people to gain needed information, ask relevant questions, pose followup questions; paraphrase conversations
 Identify central issue; formulate appropriate questions; identify multiple perspectives; compare and contrast; validate date using multiple sources; determine relevant information; paraphrase problem
 Distinguish between fact, opinion, and reasoned argument; clarify time, point of view and purpose; recognize stereotypes cliches, bias, and propaganda techniques; identify message and target audience of narrative and documents to determine credibility and authenticity
 Compare advantages & disadvantages, suggest alternate solutions; predict probable consequences, provide evidence to justify best solution
 Analyze & evaluate the impact of ideas, events, and/or people on groups, environments, economic systems, and/or subsequent events
 Group human and natural events into broadly defined eras and construct related timelines
 Reconstruct and express others' points of view, highlighting a historic, geographic, civic, or economic perspective
 Formulate a thesis statement that examines why as well as how
 Identify key words; use advanced search strategies; independently locate appropriate and varied information sources; evaluate sources primary/secondary
 Evaluate reliability, credibility, and validity of information from a variety of sources
 Produce and interpret outlines, charts, graphs, maps, tables, timelines, and decisionmaking grids that explain problems and/or construct solutions
 Create a product to support a thesis and present product in appropriate manner to a meaningful audience
 Voice original ideas; demonstrate content knowledge; persuade audience; listen critically and build upon ideas of others; ask clarifying questions and challenge statements of others; negotiate and compromise
 Participate in developing group process, persuade, compromise, debate, resolve conflicts, and negotiate differences
 Select appropriate people to gain needed information, identify bias of subject, ask questions to refine and verify understanding
 Identify central issue; formulate appropriate questions; identify multiple perspectives; compare and contrast; validate data using multiple sources; determine relevant information; paraphrase problem
 Distinguish between fact, opinion, and reasoned argument; clarify print of view and context; identify assumptions and fallacies, recognize stereotypes, cliches, bias, and propaganda techniques; evaluate accuracy and timeliness of information; determine main message and identify target audience; analyze credibility and authenticity
 Compare benefits and costs, suggest logical alternatives, predict probable consequences, provide evidence to justify best solution, select most effective manner of communicating solution
 Hypothesize possible outcomes from an initial event recognizing multiple causes and accidental factors
 Group human and natural events into broadly defined eras and use timelines to explain patterns of continuity and change in the succession of events
 Reconstruct and express multiple points of view and integrate a historic, geographic, civic, or economic perspective
 Match numerals with sets of objects to 10; count to 50; write numerals in order to 10; recognize numerals 020
 Understand place value into the thousands; count by twos, threes, fives and tens
 Using blocks or models to demonstrate understanding of addition and subtraction and explain how answer was reached
 Instantly recognize number arrangements and groups up to 5; make estimates, understand concept of more/less/equal
 Count to find the number of objects in a set up to 50 and count on from a given number
 Count, group and compare numbers
 Develop strategies to count large numbers (by twos, fives, tens, etc.) and learn place value to hundreds place
 Know addition facts up to 12, begin facts up to 18 and begin to add and subtract two digit numbers
 Divide objects into equal parts (fractions) and measure using weight, temperature, length and perimeter
 Make change for a dollor; measure time, temperature, length and area
 Identify and count coins
 Explore time, measurement, and identify coins
 Read, write numbers through the hundreds
 Begin to measure using length, time and weight, collect data and use simple charts and graphs
 Read/interpret simple graphs and charts
 Recognize and construct geometric shapes and understand positions such as under, behind, in front of and below
 Draw or sketch geometric shapes, understanding shapes in their environment
 Use objects to solve problems and verbally express mathematical ideas
 Explore, copy, describe and extend patterns
 Estimate when working with numbers, measuring and problem solving
 Explain answers verbally, pictorially and in writing
 Create, describe and extend patterns and identify geometric shapes
 Estimate and use technology to explore math concepts
 Understand place value into the thousands; count by twos, threes, fives and tens
 Know basic addition and subtraction including regrouping; learn multiplication facts to five and begin division
 Understand place value & number patterns
 Multiply up to threedigit numbers and divide by two digits
 Understand the relative values of whol numbers, fractions and decimals
 Create and compute fractions and decimals
 Estimate while working with quantities, measuring and problem solving; use technology to explore math concepts
 Understand and apply the concepts of measureing and determining the area of 2dimensional shapes
 Construct and compare two and three dimensional figures using relationships in shape, line and points; use congruence, similarity and symmetry
 Apply a variety of problem solving strategies and explain answers verbally, pictorially and in writing
 Estimate when working with quantities, measuring, problem solving and real life situations; use mental math and use patterns to solve problems
 Develop a spatial sense of geometric shapes and draw conclusions to solve problems; record and chart results
 Apply problem solving strategies in the solution of realistic and unusual problems in math and other curriculum
 Use technology to solve problems; explain answer verbally, pictorially and in writing
 Reinforce basic computation skills
 Create and compute fractions, decimals and percents
 Add, subtract, multiply and divide fractions
 Explore proportions and ratios
 Understand and apply concepts of factors, multiples, prime and conposite numbers
 Apply strategies to evaluate expressions and solve equations
 Use understanding of place value & number patterns to solve equations
 Understand how tomeasure angles and identify the properties of angles and polygons
 Understand and apply the following properties to twodimensional shapes and figures: parallel, perpendicular and line symmetry
 Develop a spatial sense of geometric shapes and draw conclusions to solve problems; record and chart results
 Use statistics and graphs to answer mathematical questions
 Begin statistics and methods to display
 Estimate when working with quantities, measuring, problem solving and real life situations; use mental math and use patterns to solve problems
 Use technology to solve problems; explain answer verbally, pictorially and in writing
 Reinforce basic computation skills
 Understand exponents and prime numbers
 Further explore decimals, percents, and fractions
 Develop understanding of algebra and integers
 Use statistics and graphs to answer mathematical questions
 Practice answering math questions using numbers, words and pictures
 Apply ratio and proportions in various situations
 Understand and apply procedures to evaluate expressions
 Apply computaional procedures on rational numbers including whole numbers, powers and square roots of square numbers fluent
 Ananlyze a pattern, table, graph, or situation to develop a rule
 Understand and apply formulas (including the Pythagorean Theorem) to right prisms, cylinders and triangles
 Analyze how a change in linear dimension affects volume and surface area or right prisms and right cylinders
(Note: The examples shown here may not show properly on all browsers.)
Algebra

Apply various mathematical operations to rational number, including square roots of perfect squares & integer exponents; apply estimation strategies to determine the reasonableness of results.
Examples: (3 · 2 + 5)^{2}, 2^{2} + 3^{2}

Solve problems and illustrate examples using direct proportions
Example: Compare salary, salary plus commission, and commissiononly job offers

Understand and apply unit conversion strategies to obtain reasonable estimated and exact measurements at an appropriate level of precision
Example: Convert 532m to mm and cm

Apply given formulas to reallife situations
Example: rate × time = distance

Apply understanding of compound, dependent, and independent events to calculate probability
Example: Calculate probability using colored marbles in a jar with/without replacement

Evaluate appropriateness of data collection, graphical representations, measurements of central tendency, and statistical methods used to analyze data (including bias in data)
Example: Interpret newspaper articles/advertisements for validity of data collection and bias in data presentation

Determine whether a given set of data fits a linear model, and if so, develop a linear model
Example: Have students analyze relationships between arm span and height

Recognize, analyze, apply, and write expressions for linear or exponential relationships (including number patterns, equations, tables, and graphs)
Example: Compare rental car rates from different companies

Apply procedures to simplify and solve equations and systems of equations
Examples: Solve: y + x  4, 4x + y = 26. Solve for h: A = ½bh
Geometry

Apply various mathematical operations to rational number, including nonperfect square roots and integer exponents, and apply estimation strategies to determine the reasonableness of results
Example: Given two coordinates, find the distance between them

Solve problems and illustrate examples using direct proportions
Example: Given two similar triangles, find the length of a missing side

Understand and apply unit conversion strategies to obtain reasonable estimated and exact measurements at an appropriate level of precision
Example: Convert 14 feet to inches and yards

Apply perimeter/circumference, area/surface area, and volume formulas in 2 or 3dimensional composite shapes to compare how changes in dimension affect results
Example: Given the area of a rectangle, find the area of a rectangle with double the dimensions of the origial

Apply definitions of geometric concepts to various 1, 2, and 3dimensional figures (i.e., Pythagorean Theorem, parallel & perpendicular lines, congruency, and similarities, etc.)
Example: Find all missing angles formed by parallel lines and a transversal

Represent and interpret geometric properties and situations on a coordinate plane
Example: Given the coordinates of three vertices of a rhombus, find the fourth

Apply understanding of multiple transformations of figures including the concept of symmetry with the addition of geometric probability
Example: Provide examples of different transformations and have students describe the transformations and identify any lines of symmetry

Apply understanding of compound, dependent, and independent events to calculate probability
Example: Calculate the probability of hitting a given portion of a target

Evaluate appropriateness of data collection, graphical representations, measurements of central tendency, and statistical methods used to analyze data (including bias in data)
Example: Analyze pie charts taking into account angle measurement representations of precents

Determine whether a given set of data fits a linear model, and if so, develop a linear model
Example: Have students analyze relationships between radius & circumference

Recognize, analyze, apply, and write expressions for linear or exponential relationships (including number patterns, equations, tables, and graphs)
Examples: Given data points, determine the equation that represents